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Private School Participation in Title I

Title I, Part A provides supplementary instruction by public school teachers or through a third-party contractor to students who are educationally disadvantaged and failing or most at risk of failing to meet high academic standards, and who live in Title I attendance areas. Instruction may take place during the school day, before or after school, or in the summer. Title I services may be provided on site at a private school, including religiously affiliated schools, or at other locations. Funds are generated on the basis of the number of students from low-income families who reside in participating public school attendance areas and attend private schools.

Title I Services

Under Title I, school districts are required to provide services for eligible private school students and their parents.

An eligible student is one who resides within a Title I attendance area of a public school and who is failing or at risk of failing state student academic achievement standards.

School district officials must meet and consult with appropriate private school officials to notify them of the intent and purpose of Title I. Consultation between the entity receiving federal financial assistance (LEA) and private school officials must occur before any decision is made that could affect the ability of private school students, teachers and other education personnel to receive benefits under ESEA.

Under Title I LEAs are required to maintain written affirmation signed by an official for each participating private school that the required consultation has occurred.

The goal of the consultation process is to design and implement a program that will provide equitable services and meet the needs of eligible private school students and/or teachers and other education personnel and must continue throughout the implementation and assessment of activities. This ongoing process can address the following questions:

  • How are children’s needs identified?
  • What services will be offered?
  • How and where will services be provided?
  • Who will provide the services?
  • How will the services be evaluated?
  • How will the results of the evaluation be used to improve those services?
  • What is the amount of funds available for services?
  • What is the size and scope of the services to be provided?
  • How and when will decisions about the delivery of services be made?
  • What is the district complaint process?

The scope of the Title I services provided to eligible students in a private school should be comparable (but not necessarily identical in nature) to those provided to eligible students in public schools. The number of eligible students, available funding and the nature of student needs will determine services.

The participating private school (some may choose not to participate) must provide required data to the school district to enable the district to calculate the total amount of funds available for services.

Individual students, not schools, are eligible for services.

The school district in consultation with private school officials, administers the agreed upon program–it may not delegate responsibility for program planning, design and implementation to private school officials or staff.

Employees hired to provide services are employees of the school district, must be supervised by the district, and must meet the NCLB teacher/paraprofessional qualification requirements.

Options for private school services include, but are not limited to:

  • Instructional services provided by public school employees or third party contractors
  • Targeted, assisted pullout model
  • Extended-day services
  • Supplementary instruction
  • Direct instruction
  • Family literacy programs
  • Early Childhood Programs
  • Counseling programs
  • Computer-assisted instruction
  • Tutoring
  • Instruction using take-home computers

In addition, the law requires equitable participation of private school teachers of Title I students in professional development activities and of parents of Title I students in parent involvement activities.


Private School Participation in Title V

Private school students, teachers, and other education personnel may receive:

  • professional development,
  • library materials,
  • educational equipment.

Other activities may include:

  • community service programs;
  • consumer education;
  • purchase of computer hardware and software;
  • programs to hire and support school nurses;
  • school-based mental health services;
  • programs for cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in schools;
  • parent and community involvement


Benefits to Private Schools

LEA – Private School Toolkit

Private School Non-regulatory Guidance

Private School Participants in Programs under the No Child Left Behind Act Federal report

Private School Instructional Allocation Worksheet







Lisa Hamilton
Title I Bureau – Title V
120 South Federal Place
Room 206
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Ph. (505) 827-1864
Fax (505) 827-1826