New Mexico - Public Education Department

Targeted Assistance Programming

Purpose of Targeted Assistance Programming

Schools that are ineligible for a schoolwide program, or that choose not to operate such a schoolwide program may use Title I funds to provide services to eligible children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance to meet New Mexico's challenging student academic achievement standards expected for all children. A school’s Title I proposal should align with or be a component of a school’s Educational Plan for Student Success (EPSS).

Eligible Children

A local educational agency (LEA) establishes multiple, educationally related, objective criteria to determine which children are eligible to participate. The eligible population for services under this section includes children not older than age 21 who are entitled to a free public education through grade 12 and children who are not yet at grade level. Eligible children are children identified by the school as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the state's challenging student academic achievement standards.

A targeted assistance school generally identifies eligible children within the school on the basis of multiple, educationally related, objective criteria established by the LEA and supplemented by the school. Eligible students include children who are economically disadvantaged, children with disabilities, migrant children or English Language Learners. Schools are no longer required to demonstrate that the needs of these students stem from educational deprivation.

Children from preschool through grade two must be selected solely on the basis of such criteria as teacher judgment, interviews with parents, and developmentally appropriate measures that determine which children are failing or most at risk of failing, to meet New Mexico's challenging content and student performance standards.

From the universe of eligible children in a targeted assistance school, the school selects those children who have the greatest need of targeted services. School staff, in consultation with the LEA and based on a review of all the information available about the performance of eligible children, must use their best professional judgment.

Certain children are considered at risk of failing to meet the state’s student performance standards and are thus eligible for targeted assistance services by virtue of their status. Those children are:

  • Children who participated in a Head Start of Even Start program at any time in the two proceeding years.
  • Children who received services under a program for youth who are neglected, delinquent, or at risk of dropping out under Part D of Title I (or its predecessor authority) at any time in the two preceding years.
  • Children in a local institution for neglected or delinquent children or who are attending a community day program.
  • Homeless children attending any school in the LEA.

Components of a Targeted Assistance School Program

Under Section 1115(c), a targeted assistance program includes the following eight components. The program must:

  • Use Part A resources to help participating children meet the State's student performance standards expected for all children.

In order to do this, programs must:

  • Be based on effective means for improving achievement of children.
  • Ensure that planning for participating students is incorporated into existing school planning.
  • Use effective instructional strategies that
    • Give primary consideration to providing extended learning time such as an extended school year, before- and after-school, and summer programs and opportunities.
    • Help provide an accelerated, high-quality curriculum.
  • Minimize removing children from the regular classroom during regular school hours for Part A instruction.
  • Coordinate with and support the regular education program, which may include:
    • Counseling, mentoring, and other pupil services.
    • College and career awareness and preparation.
    • Services to prepare students for the transition from school to work.
    • Services to assist preschool children's transition to elementary school.
  • Provide instruction by highly qualified staff.
  • Provide professional development opportunities with Part A resources, and other resources, to the extent feasible, for administrators, teachers, and other school staff who work with participating children, in alignment with the Professional Development Framework.
  • Provide strategies to increase parental involvement, such as family literacy services.
Guidance on Targeted Assistance Schools

Back to Title I Part A

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Title I Bureau
120 South Federal Place, Room 206
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Ph. (505) 827-1402
Fax (505) 827-1826

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