New Mexico - Public Education Department

Equitable Participation of Eligible Private School Students in Title I Part A of ESEA

Title I, Part A provides supplementary instruction to students who are educationally disadvantaged and failing or most at risk of failing to meet high academic standards, and who live in Title I attendance areas. Funds are generated on the basis of the number of students from low-income families who reside in participating public school attendance areas and attend private schools. Please note that income is not a determining factor in deciding who will receive services.

Instruction may take place during the school day, before or after school, or in the summer. Title I services may be provided on site at a private school, including religiously affiliated schools, or at other locations. The services can be provided by district staff that meet the NCLB requirements or through a third party contract.

Private School Consultation

School district officials must have ongoing and meaningful consultation with appropriate private school officials to notify them of the intent and purpose of Title I. Under Title I, local educational agencies (LEAs) are required to maintain written affirmation signed by an official for each participating private school that the required consultation has occurred.

The goal of the consultation process is to design and implement a program that will provide equitable services and meet the needs of eligible private school students and/or teachers and other education personnel. The required consultation must continue throughout the implementation and assessment of activities. This ongoing process can address the following questions:

  • How are children’s needs identified?
  • What services will be offered?
  • How where and by whom will services be provided?
  • How will the services be evaluated?
  • How will the results of the evaluation be used to improve those services?
  • What is the amount of funds available for services?
  • What is the district complaint process?

The scope of the Title I services provided to eligible students in a private school should be comparable (but not necessarily identical in nature) to those provided to eligible students in public schools. The number of eligible students, available funding and the nature of student needs will determine services.
The participating private school (some may choose not to participate) must provide required data to the school district to enable the district to calculate the total amount of funds available for services. Individual students, not schools, are eligible for services.

The school district, in consultation with private school officials, administers the agreed upon program–it may not delegate responsibility for program planning, design and implementation to private school officials or staff.

Title I Services Eligible for Private School Students

Options for private school services include, but are not limited to:

  • Instructional services provided by public school employees or third party contractors
  • Targeted, assisted pullout model
  • Extended-day services
  • Supplementary instruction
  • Direct instruction
  • Family literacy programs
  • Early Childhood Programs
  • Counseling programs
  • Computer-assisted instruction
  • Tutoring
  • Instruction using take-home computers


Evaluation of Private School Programs-Webinar *
Benefits to Private Schools

LEA – Private School Toolkit
Private School Non-regulatory Guidance
Private School Participants in Programs under the No Child Left Behind Act Federal Report
Equitable Services to Eligible Private School Students under Title I Quick Facts

Contact Person:
Christina Rutland
(505) 827-3706

*Please note that the videos are in a compressed file (zip), you need to decompress them and view them on your computer

Back to Title I Part A

Contact us

Title I Bureau
120 South Federal Place, Room 206
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Ph. (505) 827-1402
Fax (505) 827-1826

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